About Israel


Israel is a parliamentary democracy, located, on the south eastern shore of the Mediterranean Sea. It borders Lebanon in the north, Syria in the northeast, Jordan in the east, Egypt and the Gaza Strip on the southwest, and the Gulf of Aqaba in the Red Sea to the south, and it contains geographically diverse features within its relatively small area.  In its Basic Laws Israel defines itself as a Jewish and Democratic State and it is the world’s only Jewish-majority state. The capital and the largest city of Israel is Jerusalem and the Official languages are Hebrew and Arabic.


Israel has a population of 8,002,300 (2013) people and area of 22,072 km2. It is a representative democracy with a parliamentary system, proportional representation and universal suffrage. The Prime Minister serves as head of government and the Knesset serves as Israel’s unicameral legislative body. Israel has one of the highest life expectancies in the world. It is a developed country, an OECD member, and its economy, based on the nominal gross domestic product, was the 43rd-largest in the world in 2012. Israel has the highest standard of living in the Middle East, and the third highest in Asia.